Seals in Sofia, Museum of Archaeology


  • Theodoros Kastamonites, protospatharios

    Νικᾷ σταυρός. / Θεοδώρῳ πρωτοσπαθαρίῳ τῷ Κασταμονίτῃ

    The cross is victorious. / Theodoros Kastamonites, protospatharios

    Sofia, Museum of Archaeology

  • Konstantinos Theodorokanos

    Θεοτόκε βοήθει τῷ σῷ δούλῳ / Κωνσταντίνῳ τῷ Θεοδωροκάνῳ

    Theotokos aid your servant / Konstantinos Theodorokanos

    Sofia, Museum of Archaeology

  • Theodotos, metropolitan of Sebasteia

    Μήτηρ Θεοῦ. / Θεοτόκε βοήθει τῷ σῷ δούλῳ Θεοδότῳ μητροπολίτῃ Σεβαστείας

    Mother of God. / Theotokos aid your servant Theodotos metropolitan of Sebasteia

    Sofia, Museum of Archaeology

  • Basileios Brachames

    [...] / ᾿Ασώματε, σκέποις με Βασίλειον τὸν Βραχάμην

    [...] / Bodiless angel, may you protect me, Basileios Brachames

    Sofia, Museum of Archaeology

  • Kostikes kouropalates

    ῾Ο ἅγιος Γεώργιος. | ῾Ο ἅγιος Θεόδωρος. / Σκέποιτε, μάρτυρες, τῷ σῷ δούλῳ Κοστίκῃ κουροπαλάτῃ

    St Georgios. | St Theodoros. / Protect, martyrs, your servant Kostikes kouropalates

    Sofia, Museum of Archaeology

  • Theodora Komnene

    Σφραγὶς Κομνηνῆς / εὐκλεοῦς Θεοδώρας

    Seal of the glorious Theodora Komnene (metrical)

    Sofia, Museum of Archaeology

  • David Komnenos, grandson of an emperor

    Δαβὶδ βασιλεὺς ὁ προφήτης. / Δαβὶδ βασιλεῦ, ἀσφαλὲς γραφῶν κῦρος | Δαβὶδ Κομνηνοῦ βασιλεκγόνου γίνου

    King David the prophet. / King David, become a safe guarantee of the writings of David Komnenos, grandson of an emperor (metrical)

    Sofia, Museum of Archaeology

  • Bryennios Batatzes, patrikios hypatos and stratelates of the West

    Μήτηρ Θεοῦ. / Θεοτόκε βοήθει Βρυεννίῳ πατρικίῳ ὑπάτῳ καὶ στρατηλάτῃ τῆς Δύσεως τῷ Βατάτζῃ

    Mother of God. / Theotokos aid Bryennios Batatzes, patrikios hypatos and stratelates of the West

    Sofia, Museum of Archaeology

  • Romanos IV and Eudokia (with Michael, Konstantios and Andronikos)

    ᾿Ιησοῦς Χριστός. | ῾Ρωμανὸς καὶ Εὐδοκία. / Κωνστάντιος | Μιχαήλ | ᾿Ανδρόνικος

    Jesus Christ. | Romanos and Eudokia. / Konstantios | Michael | Andronikos

    Sofia, Museum of Archaeology

  • Ioannes Lachanas (type 1)

    Μήτηρ Θεοῦ | ἡ Κυριωτίσση. / Σκέποις Λαχανᾶν ᾿Ιωάννην, Παρθένε

    Mother of God | the Kyriotissa. / Virgin, may you protect Ioannes Lachanas

    Sofia, Museum of Archaeology 1

  • (Nikephoros) Basilakes, protoproedros and doux

    Μήτηρ Θεοῦ. / Θεοτόκε βοήθει τῷ σῷ δούλῳ Βασιλακίῳ πρωτοπροέδρῳ καὶ δουκί

    Mother of God. / Theotokos aid your servant Basilakios protoproedros and doux

    Sofia, Museum of Archaeology 2

  • Ioannes, vestarches megas chartoularios and krites of the velon of Thrakesion

    Μήτηρ Θεοῦ. | Θεοτόκε βοήθει ᾿Ιωάννῃ βεστάρχῃ μεγάλῳ χαρτουλαρίῳ / καὶ κριτῇ τοῦ βήλου καὶ τῶν Θρᾳκησίων. | ῾Ο ἅγιος Γεώργιος

    Mother of God. | Theotokos aid Ioannes, vestarches megas chartoularios / and krites of the velon of Thrakesion. | St Georgios

    Sofia, Museum of Archaeology 21

  • Joseph Batatzes

    [...] / Σκέποις με, Μάρτυς, ᾿Ιωσὴφ τὸν Βατάτζην

    [...] / Martyr, may you protect me, Joseph Batatzes (metrical)

    Sofia, Museum of Archaeology 37

  • Manuel Botaneiates, sebastos

    Μήτηρ Θεοῦ. / Θεοτόκε βοήθει Μανουὴλ σεβαστῷ τῷ Βοτανειάτῃ

    Mother of God. / Theotokos aid Manuel Botaneiates, sebastos

    Sofia, Museum of Archaeology 39

  • Alexios Branas Komnenos panhypersebastos

    ᾿Αλέξιος τυποῖ με Βρανᾶς δεσπότης | Κομνηνοφυὴς / ἐκ γένους τοῦ μητρόθεν | καὶ πανυπερσέβαστος ἐκ τῆς ἀξίας

    Alexios Branas despotes made me, | descended from the Komnenians / on his mother's side | and a panhypersebastos in dignity

    Sofia, Museum of Archaeology 43

  • Alexios Komnenos, sebastos and megas domestikos (type 1)

    ῾Ο ἅγιος Δημήτριος. / Σεβαστὸν ἤδη καὶ δομέστικον μέγαν | ᾿Αλέξιον νῦν τὸν Κομνηνὸν δεικνύω

    St Demetrios. / I now show Alexios Komnenos already sebastos and megas domestikos (metrical)

    Sofia, Museum of Archaeology 45

  • Theodoros Amaseianos, proedros

    Μήτηρ Θεοῦ. / Θεοτόκε βοήθει Θεοδώρῳ προέδρῳ τῷ ᾿Αμασειανῷ

    Mother of God. / Theotokos aid Theodoros Amaseianos, proedros

    Sofia, Museum of Archaeology 47

  • Theophylaktos Palatinos

    Μήτηρ Θεοῦ. / Θεοφύλακτον Παλατίνον, ῾Αγνή, σκέποις

    Mother of God. / Pure Virgin, may you protect Theophylaktos Palatinos

    Sofia, Museum of Archaeology 49

  • Samuel Alousianos, proedros and doux (type 2)

    Θεοτόκε βοήθει τῷ σῷ δούλῳ / Σαμουὴλ προέδρῳ καὶ δουκὶ τῷ ᾿Αλουσιανῷ

    Theotokos aid your servant / Samuel Alousianos, proedros and doux

    Sofia, Museum of Archaeology 53

  • Kostikes kouropalates

    ῾Ο ἅγιος Γεώργιος. | ῾Ο ἅγιος Θεόδωρος. / Σκέποιτε, μάρτυρες, τῷ σῷ δούλῳ Κοστίκῃ κουροπαλάτῃ

    St Georgios. | St Theodoros. / Protect, martyrs, your servant Kostikes kouropalates

    Sofia, Museum of Archaeology 53

  • Manuel Botaneiates, sebastos

    Μήτηρ Θεοῦ. / Θεοτόκε βοήθει Μανουὴλ σεβαστῷ τῷ Βοτανειάτῃ

    Mother of God. / Theotokos aid Manuel Botaneiates, sebastos

    Sofia, Museum of Archaeology 54

  • Theodoros Hagiostephanites

    ῾Ο ἅγιος Θεόδωρος. / Σφραγὶς Θεοδώρου τοῦ ῾Αγιοστεφανίτου

    St Theodoros. / Seal of Theodoros Hagiostephanites

    Sofia, Museum of Archaeology 65

  • Georgius, son of king Bodin

    ῾Ο ἅγιος Γεώργιος. / Georgius regis Bodini filius

    St Georgios. / Georgius, son of king Bodinus

    Sofia, Museum of Archaeology 69

  • Theodoros, primikerios and strategos of Dristra

    ῾Ο ἅγιος Θεόδωρος. / Θεόδωρος πριμικήριος καὶ στρατηγὸς Δίστρας

    St Theodoros. / Theodoros primikerios and strategos of Dristra

    Sofia, Museum of Archaeology 73

  • Andronikos, tourmarches of [...]

    Κύριε βοήθει τῷ σῷ δούλω ᾿Ανδρονίκῳ / τουρμάρχῃ .ραχ...

    Lord aid your servant Andronikos / tourmarches of [...]

    Sofia, Museum of Archaeology 76

  • Kalokyros Sarakenopoulos, protospatharios and kleisourarches

    Καλοκυρὸς πρωτοσπαθάριος καὶ κλεισουρ(ι)άρχης / ὁ Σαρακηνόπουλος

    Kalokyros Sarakenopoulos, protospatharios and kleisour(i)arches

    Sofia, Museum of Archaeology 80

  • Ioannes, bishop of Velbuzd

    Μήτηρ Θεοῦ. / Σκέποις [...] Παρθένε, / Βελεβουσδίου ποιμένα ᾿Ιωάννην

    Mother of God. / Virgin [...] may you protect Ioannes bishop (pastor) of Velbuzd (incomplete, but metrical)

    Sofia, Museum of Archaeology 86

  • Andronikos Doukas, protospatharios and strategos of Great Preslav

    ῾Ο ἅγιος Θεόδωρος. / ᾿Ανδρόνικος πρωτοσπαθάριος καὶ στρατηγὸς τῆς Μεγάλης Πρεσθλάβας ὁ Δούκας

    St Theodoros. / Andronikos Doukas protospatharios and strategos of Great Preslav

    Sofia, Museum of Archaeology 88

  • Niketas Chalkoutzes, imperial protospatharios and ek prosopou of the herds

    Νικήτας βασιλικὸς πρωτοσπαθάριος καὶ ἐκ προσώπου / τῶν ἀγελῶν ὁ Χαλκούτζης

    Niketas Chalkoutzes, imperial protospatharios and ek prosopou of the herds

    Sofia, Museum of Archaeology 94

  • Basileios Kamateros, ktematinos

    [...] / Κύριε βοήθει τῷ σῷ δούλῳ Βασιλείῳ κτηματίνῳ τῷ Καματηρῷ

    [...] / Lord aid your servant Basileios Kamateros, ktematinos

    Sofia, Museum of Archaeology 114